Livio Dimitriu is an architect and teacher at Pratt Institute since 1981.
He is the founder of the Urban Studies and Architecture Institute (est. 1978), a public service and research organization based in New York and at the Giusti del Giardino Palace in Verona, Italy. He is currently the Chief Editor of USA Books, Senior International Editor of Arhitext Design Magazine, and was a member of the permanent editorial board for Controspazio Magazine/Italy (1986-2006), and Senior International Editor of Octogon (1999-2004).
Democratic societies are built around the principle of free and fair elections, that each citizen’s vote should count equal. National elections can be regarded as large-scale social experiments, where people are grouped into usually large numbers of electoral districts and vote according to their preferences. The large number of samples implies certain statistical consequences for the polling results which can be used to identify election irregularities. Using a suitable data collapse, we ﬁnd that vote distributions of elections with alleged fraud show a kurtosis of hundred times more than normal elections. As an example we show that reported irregularities in the 2011 Duma election are indeed well explained by systematic ballot stuﬃng and develop a parametric model quantifying to which extent fraudulent mechanisms are present. We show that if speciﬁc statistical properties are present in an election, the results do not represent the will of the people. We formulate a parametric test detecting these statistical properties in election results. For demonstration the model is also applied to election outcomes of several other countries.
Crossing the percentage of voters with the percentage of winning party’s voters, and analyzing the number of districts by color, Peter Klimek, Yuri Yegorov, Rudolf Hanel e Stefan Thurner traced a sort of poll’s fingerprint, and put into evidence suspect cases and irregularities.
Districts usually cluster around a given turnout and voting level. In Uganda and Russia these clusters are ’smeared out’ to the upper right region of the plots, reaching a second peak at a 100% turnout and a 100% of votes (red circles).
While the report is not of easy lecture if you’re not really into statistics, it shows an interesting use of science to uncover one of the most efficient yet hidden display of tyrannical power.
Socks-Studio is Fosco Lucarelli and Mariabruna Fabrizi + collaborators.
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